Quick Answer: How Do You Use Etc?

Is there a comma after EG?

E.g.

and i.e.

are both lowercase when they show up in the middle of a sentence (i.e., like this).

Most American style guides recommend a period after both letters in both abbreviations.

In general, you add a comma after e.g.

and between each subsequent example if there is more than one item in your list..

Is ETC formal?

The expression “et cetera” is rarely used. Its abbreviation “etc.” is discouraged in formal writing; CMOS recommends that, if used, it should be confined to parenthetical material or lists and tables.

How do you write etc formally?

Re: “etc” and “so on” in formal writing “Et cetera” is perfectly acceptable, etc. is simply the contraction and, in my view, equally acceptable.

Is so that correct grammar?

A: Your two examples are grammatically correct. The adverb “so,” used to modify an adjective or adverb, can be followed by either “as” or “that.” These “so … as” and “so … that” constructions can be similar in meaning, though they aren’t identical.

Is it so am I or so I am?

“So am I” means “I am too”. “So I am” means “Indeed, I am”.

Can you use etc in a contract?

Using etc. is never great. It’s casual, so it unsuited to the limited and stylized world of contract prose. But more to the point, etc. is either redundant, in which case you can get rid of it, or it’s not redundant, which case it’s potentially hazardous and you should get rid of it.

How do you use etc and eg in a sentence?

Rule #1: Don’t use e.g. and etc. together because you wouldn’t use for instance (meaning as an example) and then use and so on (meaning others); both phrases imply the names you named were just a part of a group. For example, “e.g. apple, oranges, etc.”

How do you say etc in academic writing?

This rule is quite simple. If you use “etc.” in the middle of a sentence, and it is not enclosed in parentheses, then you must use a comma after the abbreviation. If it is in parentheses in the middle of a sentence or at the end of a sentence, no comma is needed.

Is it like and formal?

Using “and the like” is a little higher register than “etc.” But it’s not too formal either.

What is eg stand for?

exempli gratiae.g. is the abbreviation for the Latin phrase exempli gratia, meaning “for example.” This abbreviation is typically used to introduce one or more examples of something mentioned previously in the sentence and can be used interchangeably with “for example” or “such as.” The use of e.g. implies that there are other …

Should there always be a comma before etc?

There’s no definitive answer, because different style guides recommend different usage. Nevertheless, the style that seems to be recommended the most is to always include a comma before “etc.”; it is recommended even by those who discourage the use of the Oxford comma (the comma before the last item in a list).

How do you end a list?

If the items in the list are single words or phrases with no internal punctuation, put a comma at the end of each item. … If the items in the list are phrases or clauses with punctuation in them, put a semicolon at the end of each item.More items…

Is it and etc or just etc?

The Latin term et cetera (“and the rest”) is usually written as two words in Canadian English. … However, the one-word spelling etcetera is also correct. The abbreviation for this term is etc.

How do you use etc at the end of a list?

The abbreviation of et cetera is etc. Use etc. when you begin a list that you will not complete; it indicates that there are other items in the list besides the ones you explicitly mention. The abbreviation is more common than the full phrase in business and technical writing.

What does ETC mean in texting?

Latin et ceteraUsing etc. The abbreviation etc. stands for the Latin et cetera, which means “and other things”. The abbreviation is used to indicate that a given list is not comprehensive.

Is so forth formal?

1 Answer. ‘Etc. ‘ is quite formal, although you could expand it to ‘et cetera’ if you wanted. … ‘ which means and others, also expandable to ‘et alia’; or ‘and so forth’ which is more similar to ‘etc.

How do you end a sentence with etc?

Generally, in American English, if “etc.” is used in the middle of a sentence, it is followed by a comma. (Tennis, soccer, baseball, etc., are outdoor games.) However, if this word appears at the end of a sentence then the period (which is part of “etc.”) serves as the final punctuation mark.

How do you use eg in a sentence?

e.g. is an abbreviation of exempli gratia, which means “for example.” Use e.g. before listing examples of the previous statement. I write poetry and prose in my journals, but they also serve other purposes; e.g. calculating gratuity.

What can I use instead of etc?

other words for et ceteraalong with others.and all.and on and on.and others.and so on.and the like.and the rest.whatever.

What does and so on mean?

Phrase. and so on. (idiomatic) Used to indicate that a list continues in a similar manner. quotations ▼ Synonyms: and so forth, etc., et cetera.

What can I say instead of many more?

What is another word for many more?far moreconsiderably moremuch moresignificantly moreappreciably moreimmeasurably morenoticeably moresubstantially morea lot morevery much more1 more row

What should you always avoid in formal writing?

Formal Writing VoiceDo not use first-person pronouns (“I,” “me,” “my,” “we,” “us,” etc.). … Avoid addressing readers as “you.” … Avoid the use of contractions. … Avoid colloquialism and slang expressions. … Avoid nonstandard diction. … Avoid abbreviated versions of words. … Avoid the overuse of short and simple sentences.

Is it proper to use etc in an essay?

It is perfectly ok to use etc. in an academic paper. Just note, however, that both of them are very sparingly and carefully used in serious writing. Try to list fully or describe the list instead.

What are synonyms for also?

Also Synonyms – WordHippo Thesaurus….What is another word for also?andfurthermoremoreoverbesidesfurtherin additionlikewisepluswhat is moreafter that2 more rows

What does AFK mean?

away from keyboardAfk is an abbreviation for away from keyboard. It lets people know that you will not be at your keyboard for a while, or that you will not be online for a period of time.

What is the difference between me too and so do I?

Both SO DO I and ME TOO are used as a response to simple statements. The statements must be positive (without the word “no” or “not”). SO DO I is more formal, while ME TOO is more informal.

How do you use so and forth?

You use and so on or and so forth at the end of a list to indicate that there are other items that you could also mention.

What does XD mean?

1. an expression used in text messages or e-mails signaling happiness or laughter. XD is an emoticon. X represents closed eyes while D stands for an open mouth. OMG!